Supplies and medicine – Medic Buzz Thu, 30 Jun 2022 18:41:09 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Supplies and medicine – Medic Buzz 32 32 Responding to the devastating floods in Bangladesh Thu, 30 Jun 2022 18:13:10 +0000

By Talya Meyers

When the floods started, staff members from the HOPE Foundation for Women and Children of Bangladesh packed their bags and made the 12-hour journey by bus.

The floods killed 68 people in Bangladesh, the majority of them in the Sylhet region, and left an estimated 4.5 million people stranded, according to Reuters. Homes and livelihoods were washed away. Waterborne diseases, including skin infections and diarrheal diseases, spread rapidly.

HOPE staff have previously responded to mudslides and other disasters in the Cox’s Bazar area where their field hospital is located. They have been training emergency response teams since 2017. But this was the first time they had responded to an emergency away from home, said founder Dr Iftikher Mahmood.

So far, the team has treated over 500 people through a mobile medical clinic stocked with emergency medical kits and medicines from Direct Relief and distributed hot meals and dry food to more than 1,000 people. They continue traveling through flooded areas, providing free medical care, food and water to flood-affected people.

Mahmood spoke with Direct Relief about his team’s response, the situation on the ground for those affected by the floods and what he expects to see in the coming weeks and months.

Direct Relief: What is the current situation in Sylhet?

Mahmoud: Sylhet division has several districts and several districts have been flooded. The water is actually falling now, but the water level is rising in other areas. So it’s better in terms of flooding, but it’s still unpredictable.

It was a big event. A number of people unfortunately lost their lives. At the same time, many people were displaced, properties were damaged and livestock were damaged. [People] became homeless.

But support from all over the country has indeed poured in: social organizations, non-governmental organizations, individuals, but also the government. Many people came to help.

Direct Relief: And a team from HOPE for Bangladesh also responded. Can you tell us a bit about your answer?

Mahmoud: We are far from this area, certainly a few hundred kilometers. In Bangladesh, a few hundred kilometers is a long time.

But because we are a humanitarian organization and have experience with refugees in Cox’s Bazar, we have teams of people who can respond quickly. Also, we have supplies from Direct Relief, and when it happened, we quickly decided to send a team [that included two paramedics] with dry food and medicine.

And the next day we sent four more, and the next day we sent a six-person medical team. So in total, 14 people are in Sylhet at the moment, and we have also recruited volunteers locally. They cook because we distribute hot meals, and also dry food.

Since the arrival of the medical team, we have set up a mobile medical clinic, so we have been going to different places.

Direct Relief: What do your field staff see when they respond?

Mahmoud: Now our people are serving in areas that are still flooded.

When the flood waters receded many people are homeless so they are still in shelters. And there are some outbreaks of intestinal infection, skin infection, respiratory infection. But we serve them, we give them care: medical examinations, free medication. And also, we give them drinking water.

Support is coming, but some places probably got good support and some places probably still need support.

Direct Relief: Tell me about your disaster response training.

Mahmoud: We trained locally in Cox’s Bazar. We trained for this kind of emergency because in our region there are many natural disasters like cyclones, mudslides. So we get agencies trained every year through UN agencies and through our own training.

We have had an emergency response team since 2017.

It’s good exercise for us away from home. This tells us that we can actually mobilize our team to many other locations whenever needed. And also we can increase [our] ability; we can expand the team. In case we need thirty people or forty people, we have the experience to travel to a remote place and render service without any problem.

It went extremely well. I wasn’t just surprised; I was delighted.

Direct Relief: What were the greatest needs when your team arrived, both medical and otherwise?

Mahmoud: When they arrived, what they needed most was food. Now that the water is receding, the greatest need is for medical support. And the next will be rehabilitation. Many people have lost their homes. Some areas are very poor areas, so their houses are small and fragile, and the flood washed them away.

Direct Relief: You had existing medical support from Direct Relief which you felt was helpful. What supplies did you have and how did they help your team?

Mahmoud: We have been receiving emergency response supplies from Direct Relief since 2017. We have had [medic] packs; we have water purification tablets; we have a little procedural equipment. We have antibiotics, antibacterial cream, many ointments. We have a range of things.

Direct relief: how does this flood compare to other disasters you have responded to in the past?

Mahmoud: We have responded to several floods locally. The difference is that in our region there are often mudslides, which can be sharp and dangerous. Sometimes it goes unnoticed. But it’s a big area, so it was different. But both are dangerous. It gave us a good lesson on how to react in different circumstances. It made our team really strong.

Direct aid: Financial inflation has been a major problem in Bangladesh, as in the United States. Did this affect this disaster or its response?

Mahmoud: Yes, the prices are higher.

There are always people who, even outside of inflation, when things like this happen, try to take advantage of it and raise the prices of services and goods. It’s still there. But as a humanitarian organization, our focus right now is only on people and what they need. So we gather resources from different places and try to do some work to save lives.

And also, we received support from good people and organizations, who donated money and other supplies.

So inflation is a problem, but we did what we had to do.

Direct Relief: People are still in the immediate aftermath of this disaster. What concerns do you have for those affected in the coming weeks or months?

Mahmoud: We will monitor different types of diseases. Especially small children, especially old people, I think they will have breathing problems. Asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia. And people who have chronic diseases, if they have diabetes or high blood pressure, if they have lost their medicine, they will have problems. Diarrheal diseases. Some will have to be hospitalized.

I worry about children, pregnant women and the elderly. Because they will have problems they don’t expect.

And of course, after that, they have to find accommodation. In this kind of neighborhood there are a lot of financial problems, so now they will need help to rebuild their houses.

The government has already provided a lot of support, and there is good coordination in this administration, so I think a lot of people will get help from the government, and also NGOs and other organizations and individuals will come together and try to help these people.

A shipment containing more than 4,000 pounds of medical aid, worth $81,000, left Direct Relief’s warehouse on June 29, bound for the HOPE Foundation for Bangladeshi Women and Children. The shipment contains wound care products, surgical instruments, vitamins, intravenous solutions and other medical supplies. Further support is being coordinated.

New Food Packaging System Reduces Spoilage and Contamination – Harvard Gazette Tue, 28 Jun 2022 18:05:15 +0000

The idea of ​​translating research from wound dressing to food packaging was born out of a collaboration with Philip Demokritou, the former co-director of the Center for Nanotechnology and Nanotoxicology (NanoCenter) at Harvard Chan School. The NanoCenter is a joint initiative between Harvard and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore.

“It turned out that wound dressings serve the same purpose, in some ways, as food wraps – to support tissues, protect against bacteria and fungi, and control moisture,” said Huibin Chang, a postdoctoral fellow at SEAS and first author of the study. paper.

To make the fibers food safe, the team turned to a polymer called pullulan. Pullulan is an edible, tasteless, natural polysaccharide commonly used in breath fresheners and mints.

The researchers dissolved the pullulan polymer in water and mixed it with a range of naturally occurring antimicrobial agents, including thyme oil, nisin and citric acid. The solution is then spun in an RJS system and the fibers are deposited directly on a food. The researchers demonstrated the technique by wrapping an avocado with pullulan fibers. The result looks like a fruit wrapped in a spider’s web.

The research team compared their RJS packaging to standard aluminum foil and found a substantial reduction in contamination from microorganisms, including E.coli, L. innocua (which causes listeria), and A. fumigatus (which can cause disease in immunocompromised people).

“The coating’s high surface-to-volume ratio makes it much easier to kill dangerous bacteria because more bacteria come into contact with antimicrobial agents than in traditional packaging,” said John Zimmerman, postdoctoral fellow at SEAS and co-author . paper.

The team also demonstrated that their fiber packaging increased the shelf life of avocado, a notoriously finnicky fruit that can go from ripe to rotten in hours. After seven days on a lab bench, 90% of unwrapped avocados were rotten, while only 50% of avocados wrapped in antimicrobial pullulan fibers rotted.

The wrap is also water soluble and biodegradable, rinsing without any residue on the surface of the avocado.

Make food more sustainable

This antimicrobial and biodegradable food packaging system is not the disease biophysics group’s first foray into making our food supply system more sustainable.

Parker’s group used their RJS system to grow animal cells on edible gelatin scaffolds that mimic the texture and consistency of meat. This technology has been authorized by tender fooda Boston-based startup that aims to combat the huge environmental impact of the meat industry by developing a new generation of plant-based alternative meat products that have the same texture, taste and consistency as real meat.

The laboratory’s latest innovations in food packaging could also enter commercial development soon. Harvard Technology Development Office has protected the intellectual property relating to this project and is currently exploring commercialization opportunities with Parker’s lab.

“One of the long-term goals of my research group is to reduce the environmental footprint of food,” Parker said. “We’ve achieved this by creating more sustainable food to now package food in a sustainable way that can reduce food waste.”

This research was co-authored by Jie Xu, Luke A. Macqueen, Zeynep Aytac, Michael M. Peters, Tao Xu, and Philip Demokritou.

It was supported by Nanyang Technological University–Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health Initiative for Sustainable Nanotechnology, under project number NTUHSPH 18003; the Harvard Center for Nanoscale Systems (CNS), a member of the National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure Network (NNCI), which is supported by the National Science Foundation under NSF award number 1541959; and Harvard Materials Science and Engineering Research Centerunder grant numbers DMR-1420570 and DMR-2011754.

Northeast Georgia Medical Center contributes more than $3.5 billion to economy, report says Sun, 26 Jun 2022 17:48:09 +0000

A new report released by the Georgia Hospital Association estimates Northeast Georgia Medical Center’s impact on the local community and the state at more than $3.5 billion.

The GHA report found that in 2020, NGMC generated $3,554,257,187 in revenue for the local and state economy; provided over $70 million in total estimated charitable care; and supported more than 22,500 full-time jobs across the region and state – in addition to more than 9,000 people directly employed by the Northeast Georgia Health System (NGHS).

NGHS is the non-profit organization that oversees the operation of NGMC’s four campuses in Gainesville, Braselton, Winder and Dahlonega.

The cost of NGMC Charitable Care includes financial assistance to eligible patients. That does not include unpaid bills that are being written off or nearly $12 million NGMC provided through community outreach, such as free screenings and health education, according to the hospital.

The report revealed that in 2020, NGMC had direct expenses of over $1.5 billion. When combined with an economic multiplier developed by the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis, the total economic impact of that spending was more than $3.5 billion, according to a press release. NGMC States.

This output multiplier takes into account the “ripple” effect of direct hospital spending on other sectors of the economy such as medical supplies, durable medical equipment and pharmaceuticals. Economic multipliers are used to model the impact of a change in an industry on the “circular flow” of spending within an economy as a whole.

“The Northeast Georgia Health System is proud to be an economic mainstay in our community and will continue to reinvest in expansion projects, new healthcare technologies and more to better care for our growing community,” said Carol Burrell, President and CEO of NGHS.

Last week, the health system opened a new hospital in Lumpkin County.

Figures from the GHA study only reflect the economic impact of hospital spending and do not include the impact of other services, such as doctors’ offices and long-term care facilities provided by the NGHS.


NGMC Lumpkin inaugurates the future hospital near Dahlonega

Healthcare facilities in Kiribati to benefit from ultra-cold chain equipment to support deployment of Pfizer vaccines – Kiribati Fri, 24 Jun 2022 00:08:03 +0000

Tarawa, Kiribati June 23, 2022– Today, the Government of Japan, in collaboration with UNICEF, handed over three ultra-cold chain refrigerators to the Kiribati Ministry of Health and Medical Services to support the nationwide rollout of the vaccine.

“This donation comes at the right time for Kiribati, as the establishment of the UCC infrastructure is underway to accommodate sensitive vaccines for use for our 12-17 year olds and those eligible for booster doses,” said said the director of public health. , Eretii Timeon. “The MHMS is very grateful for the generous donations of this essential equipment and wishes to express its sincere gratitude and appreciation to the Government of Japan and UNICEF for the technical support,” she added.

The ultra-cold chain equipment is the first of its kind to enter the country to support the introduction of Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccines which arrived in Kiribati last month. These Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines require an ultra low temperature ranging from -60°C to -90°C.

These Pfizer vaccines will be given as a booster dose to people aged 18 and over. In addition, the vaccines will also target children aged 12 to 17 as well as those aged 12 and over who will be eligible for a booster in the coming months.

“UNICEF commends Kiribati for the progress made in the COVID-19 vaccination campaign and encourages those who have already received their first and second doses to get their booster to protect themselves, their children and their communities,” said the head of the UNICEF Pacific field office in Kiribati. , Nick Rice Chudeau. “We thank the government and people of Japan for the strong partnership that ensures vital medical supplies also reach one of the most remote islands in the Pacific. We also thank the Department of Health and Medical Services for their leadership and efforts to keep communities safe. »

With technical support provided by UNICEF, two of the ultra-cold chain refrigerators have already been installed at Tungaru Central Hospital in South Tarawa, while one has been shipped to Kiritimati Island to meet the needs of the eligible population in the Line and Phoenix districts. In addition, two backup generators will also be provided to the Department of Health and Medical Services to serve as backup power for ultra-cold chain equipment, in the event of a power outage on the islands.

“First of all, we would like to express our sympathy to the people of Kiribati who have been affected by the drought. Although Kiribati also faces the same threats of COVID-19 as the rest of the world, we are very pleased to be able to provide rapid support to the country, in partnership with UNICEF. We are confident that the ultra-low temperature refrigerators provided this time will help Pfizer and other vaccines that require ultra-low temperature storage in Kiribati,” said His Excellency Mr. KAWAKAMI Fumihiro, Ambassador of the Japan to the Republic of Kiribati.

“Since the beginning of 2021, Japan has placed importance on providing cold chain equipment worldwide. This initiative is called “Last One Mile Support” which ensures the delivery of vaccines to vaccination sites so that COVID-19 vaccines reach every person. This is one of Japan’s important supports related to the COVID-19 vaccine,” he added.

Ambassador KAWAKAMI also said that he wished to convey his deepest condolences and sympathy to the people of Kiribati who have lost loved ones to COVID-19 as well as all the pain and suffering caused by the pandemic. He commends the leadership of His Excellency, President Taneti Maamau, and the Government of Kiribati for effectively guiding the nation through these trying times.

UNICEF stands ready to continue its support on the ground, with funding from Japan and other partners, to ensure health workers receive the training and life-saving information they need to work with the newly provided cold chain equipment, as well as to support vaccine deployment.

Notes to editors:

About the Kiribati Ministry of Health and Medical Services:

The Department of Health and Medical Services is chairing a national COVAX committee as part of its key role in coordinating, planning and implementing the deployment of the COVID-19 vaccination. This committee does not limit its communication and collaboration to key development partners currently assisting with COVID-19 immunization coordination and planning, which includes MFAT, DFAT, Chinese Embassy and partners. such as UNICEF and WHO, but also communicates with other development and technical partners who wish to help ensure the achievement of the targeted COVID-19 vaccination mission in Kiribati. This national committee is linked to the COVAX facility through GAVI, to ensure that Kiribati submits proposals to seek funding and technical support for the purchase of COVID-19 vaccines and to support deployment logistics. adapted to the setting and environment of Kiribati.

About the Government of Japan:

Japan provides funds (grants, loans, etc.) and technologies useful for “development”, including peacebuilding, governance, promotion of basic human rights and humanitarian aid, in the form of official development assistance (ODA) to eligible countries and regions . ODA includes bilateral aid intended to directly assist developing countries and regions, and multilateral aid, which consists of contributions to international organizations such as UNICEF, UNDP and WHO.

For more information please contact:

Ms Ema TaareitaOIC, Ministry of Health and Medical Services, +686 740 28100, and/or

Ms Eretii TimeonDirector of Public Health Services, +686 740 28100,

Peni SauraraJapanese Embassy in Fiji, +679 3304633, or

Emma TemakeiUNICEF Pacific, Tel. : +686 752 29269,

Medical Supplies Market Size, Scope and Forecast Sun, 19 Jun 2022 04:49:55 +0000

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Discuss the formula shortage with the U de M Fri, 17 Jun 2022 14:05:59 +0000

Since early May 2022, grocery stores and pharmacies across the United States have been scrambling for supplies of infant formula, an essential food for babies up to six months old who don’t receive breast milk. A major Abbott Nutrition formula production plant closed in January and, although it is back in operation, forecasts show the formula shortage could last well into 2022.

University of Minnesota School of Public Health Epidemiologist Ellen Demerath, expert on how early childhood factors affect growth rate and body composition, explains why this shortage is so difficult for new parents, what options they have and what lessons we learn from a chain problem supply of such importance.

Q. Why is infant formula so scarce now?
It is a combination of supply chain shortages resulting from the COVID pandemic and the abrupt closure of one of Abbott Nutrition’s infant formula manufacturing plants due to the discovery of bacteria. harmful. Abbott is the largest of the only three major formula manufacturers in the United States, with a 40% market share.

Abbott’s Michigan plant resumed production on June 4, but will not reach full capacity for two months. A quick online search for infant formula at Minnesota pharmacies shows that most products aren’t available on the shelf. It has been predicted that supplies could be somewhat limited until the end of 2022.

Q. Why do babies need formula? Can’t they drink other forms of milk? And why can’t parents make their own formula?
Infant formulas are created to meet the unique nutritional needs of babies and are a good alternative for those who do not have adequate resources and support to breastfeed, who do not have the spare time to begin breastfeeding or who have no workplace facilities to enable them to pump milk. Approved infant formulas contain the essential vitamins, minerals and fats babies need to be healthy.

Infants cannot drink pure cow’s milk because it is too high in protein for infants’ developing kidneys and because it is too low in sugars for human infants who have a particularly high need for sweetened milk to support rapid brain growth. Parents should not make their own formulas by mixing other milks with added ingredients. The proper number of calories and nutrients per ounce must be within strict limits to ensure that the baby will grow properly. For these reasons, homemade formulas are not recommended.

Q. Why don’t parents just breastfeed their babies?
Certain medical conditions can impair lactation and many social factors make it difficult to breastfeed after leaving the hospital. Breastfeeding takes time initially, with parents having to feed their baby every 2-3 hours for weeks. Parents need time off from work and other household responsibilities to get their milk supply where it needs to be to meet 100% of their infant’s needs. Many families do not have the resources at hand and feel compelled to use formula, despite its very high cost.

If you’re not breastfeeding, it’s hard to start. Lactation is primarily a matter of supply and demand. If the infant does not suckle or if the milk is not expressed in another way, the production decreases quite rapidly, a few days after birth. After about a week without nursing or pumping, the supply will be almost nil. This is why a person cannot simply start breastfeeding again. It’s possible to start breastfeeding again after using formula to feed your baby, but it involves a time-consuming process of very frequent pumping and sucking in order to get milk production going again. It can be successful, but without access to adequate lactation support and the time to do this intensive work, it will be very difficult and often not successful.

Q. Are there options for parents during this shortage?
Yes, there are a number of viable options.

  • For families that use both breast milk and formula, consider switching more of your baby’s diet to breast milk. To increase your breastmilk supply, you can breastfeed your baby more frequently or add pumping sessions between feedings. Pumped milk can be stored in the refrigerator and frozen for later use.
  • Consider changing the brand/type of formula you use. Most babies will do just fine with different brands of infant formula, including store brands, as long as they are the same type, such as cow’s milk, soy, hypoallergenic, or elemental. Try to introduce small amounts of the new formula at a time by mixing it with your usual formula. Slowly increase the amount of the new formula over time until your baby gets used to it.
  • Consider using foreign formulas. In June 2022, the FDA began providing information on regular and special nutritional needs formulas shipped from foreign manufacturers that it will temporarily allow for sale in the United States to increase supply. It is estimated that this will increase the supply of infant formula by 6 million cans this year. A list of approved foreign preparations can be found on the FDA website.
  • If you need a hypoallergenic or medical specialty formula, talk to your pediatrician or other healthcare provider about acceptable substitutes. Depending on the formula they need, they may be able to submit a Specialized Formula Rush Request.
  • It is not recommended to share breast milk with friends or buy it on the internet, but you can discuss with your pediatrician or other health care provider the use of breast milk from a milk bank breast milk, preferably a milk bank accredited by Human Milk Banking. North American Association.
  • Do not use homemade formula and do not dilute your formula or use formula after the use-by date. Please don’t buy more than you need. This only exacerbates the shortages.

Q. What is the most important lesson to be learned from this shortage?
Breast milk is the optimal food for babies and it is free. Infants fed human milk have a lower risk of gastrointestinal infections, asthma, and obesity, and breast milk contains many special components that are essential for healthy gut and infant brain development. Almost all transgender women and some transgender men can breastfeed their infants if they have the necessary social support and access to breastfeeding counselling, baby-friendly maternity care, and supportive employment policies. family. However, this support is not available to everyone, especially low-income families, rural families, and families of color.

The formula shortage shows us why the United States must prioritize maternal and child health. If all families had the support and resources to breastfeed, the need for formula – which costs families $1,500 or more a year and the billions in healthcare costs that formula use incurs – would be greatly reduced. . In the short term, we have also learned that it is dangerous for a very small number of companies to monopolize the marketing of this essential food and that control of the supply of infant formula must be linked to proactive policies to increase the national offer if necessary.

About the School of Public Health
The University of Minnesota School of Public Health improves the health and well-being of people and communities around the world by bringing innovative research, learning, and real action to today’s biggest health challenges. today. We groom some of the most influential leaders in the field and collaborate with health services, communities, and policy makers to advance health equity for all. Learn more about

About “Talking… with the U of M”
“Talking…with the U of M” is a resource through which University of Minnesota faculty answer questions about current topics and other topics of general interest. Please feel free to repost this content. If you would like to schedule an interview with the faculty member or would like the University of Minnesota to explore topics for the future “Talking…with the U of M”, please contact University Public Relations at [email protected]

Medical supply company moving to Spotsylvania; county construction costs rose | Z-non-digital Wed, 15 Jun 2022 21:30:00 +0000

The Spotsylvania County Board of Supervisors on Tuesday approved a plan that will see All American Mobility build a new location on Courthouse Road in Spotsylvania.

All American Mobility has applied to rezone 2.36 acres from residential to commercial to build 10,000 square foot retail and warehouse space for its medical supplies and services business on property between Southpoint Parkway and the Interstate 95 overpass.

A public hearing was held for the rezoning application. No residents spoke during the hearing. The board approved the rezoning, 6-0, with supervisor Tim McLaughlin absent.

Molly Flurry, a representative for All American Mobility, told supervisors that the company was leasing space in Central Park, but the company wanted to expand its offerings.

The rezoning allows the company to be closer to the Veterans Administration Health Care Center, which is under construction on 60 acres between Hood Drive and US 1 and is expected to open in 2024.

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“Their proposed new facility would allow them to be close to the new veterans health care center here in the county,” Flurry said. “It would also allow their customers to have an interactive showroom experience where they can try out products in a way that they currently cannot.”

She said the new facility will allow “adequate storage space.”

All American Mobility was established in 2006 and operates from its Central Park location. The company sells medical supplies and provides services such as home adaptations (stairlifts, wheelchair ramps) to improve mobility.

Increase in construction costs

Council on Tuesday approved staff-requested increases to building and land-use fees.

The fee, which covers construction, zoning and environmental works, was last updated by the county in 2016 and covered a four-year period, increasing 25% per year. Fees were not adjusted in 2020 or 2021 due to the pandemic.

According to staff projections, the update is necessary to avoid shortfalls for services provided by the county for development projects in the county, including residential.

The board approved the fee changes, 5-1, with David Ross dissenting.

The fees will take effect on July 1.

The dog park gets water

Dogs and their owners have enjoyed Spotsy Dog Park in the county since it opened in October 2020.

The only downside to the park is its lack of water. The owners of the dog park have been working to secure funds for a connection to the county water line. So far, $10,000 has been raised, but more is needed to access water this summer.

According to a staff report, several supervisors requested that the county consider paying the $6,540 water connection cost.

The board approved, 5-1, with Lori Hayes dissenting. She does not support budget changes “outside of budget season”.

Scott Shenk: 540/374-5436

Do nuclear medicine physicians need a new identity? Mon, 13 Jun 2022 22:29:58 +0000

Dr. Richard Wahl.

“This field has been reinvented many times,” Wahl said in his speech, in which he noted significant events over the past year.

New diagnostic and therapeutic agents, such as lutetium-177 PSMA-617 (Pluvicto, Novartis), are transforming the field. Nuclear medicine physicians must now ensure they are involved in medical, surgical, interventional and radiation oncology decisions to ensure the best patient care, he said.

The new moniker is a step towards ensuring that nuclear medicine physicians have a role to play in the future of radiopharmaceutical therapy. The alternative is a limited role, which allows only brief interactions with patients, he said.

To that end, in May, the SNMMI Board of Directors approved the term “nuclear oncologist” to define a nuclear medicine physician who works with radiation therapies. However, one cannot be a nuclear oncologist without being a nuclear medicine doctor, because the body of knowledge in nuclear medicine is essential for this role, Wahl said.

Additionally, the SNMMI Board of Directors voted on June 11 to provide funding to support nuclear oncology fellowships for clinical nuclear oncology. The plan is to help nuclear medicine doctors integrate as key parts of patient management teams, not just therapy providers, he said.

Other initiatives Wahl mentioned include the creation of the SNMMI Mars Shot Fund, an effort to raise $100 million to help pay for research in nuclear medicine, molecular imaging and therapy.

“There’s already been a ‘Moon Shot’ – and our goal is to go further,” Wahl told attendees.

To date, approximately $1 million has been raised. The Mars Shot Fund is governed by a board of scientists and funders, as well as a Scientific Advisory Board, which will guide its direction. As additional funds are obtained, the council will make research funds available through a grant application process.

Additionally, SNMMI advises Congress to include a line item for the Mars Shot Fund in the budget for the U.S. Department of Energy or Department of Defense in the next session.

Wahl also discussed SMMI’s Artificial Intelligence (AI) Working Group, which recently developed the RELIANCE Guidelines, a set of best practices for evaluating algorithms that may be ready for deployment in clinical practice.

“We have a problem with the lack of doctors, technologists, scientists, pharmacists – you name it – so being helped with software tools can be invaluable,” Wahl said.

Wahl, chief of radiology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and director of the university’s Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, is the immediate past president of SNMMI.

Dr. Munir Ghesani of Mount Sinai Health System will serve as chair for the 2022-2023 term. The company announced its new slate of officers on June 13 at the annual meeting.

Copyright © 2022 ]]> COVID-19 Infection Control Training for Medical Students in Clinical Placement: A Mixed Methods Approach | BMC medical training Sun, 12 Jun 2022 00:11:43 +0000


This study assesses the effects of simulated clinical practice using peer-to-peer role-playing and a COVID-19 lecture on medical students’ attitudes towards COVID-19 and the burden felt by them due to care of patients with COVID-19.

Ethics approval

This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the University of Chiba (Approval No. 3425). The study database has been anonymized.


CC in the department of respiratory medicine and participants

Medical schools in Japan offer a six-year curriculum, and two years are usually spent in CCs [15]. At Chiba University, with approximately 120 students in each class, students practice in one department and then another on a rotational basis every four weeks for two years. The CC begins in December of the fourth year and ends in October of the sixth year.

Groups of 7 to 11 medical students (4th-5th year) completed four weeks of training as members of a medical team of physicians and residents in a department of respiratory medicine from December of their fourth year to November of their fifth year. A total of 82 medical students underwent CC in Respiratory Medicine at Chiba University Hospital between December 2020 and November 2021. During orientation at the start of each group’s CC, informed consent was obtained from participants for use of their data for this study.

Between January 2020 and November 2021, students who participated in both the simulated clinical practice and the lecture were included in the study. Students who did not participate in the simulated clinical practice and/or lecture, or those with insufficient questionnaire data were excluded. Additionally, medical students were not directly examining patients with COVID-19; rather, they only conducted telephone interviews and shared information at conferences when in charge of these patients. However, the seven students who practiced in September 2021, during the fifth wave of the pandemic in Japan, performed direct examination of patients after simulated clinical practice for COVID-19. Therefore, these seven students were also excluded from the study due to the possible impact of the learning effect of directly participating in the care of patients with COVID-19.

Simulated clinical practice for COVID-19 using peer-to-peer role play

Clinical practices were conducted at the Chiba Clinical Skills Center of Chiba University Hospital and included seven to eight medical students during the first or second week of the CC. Two of the authors (HK and AK) supervised the practice.

Prior to practice, students were briefed on basic IPC, such as wearing and doffing PPE and zoning (Fig. 1); they also attended an orientation session.

Fig. 1

The simulated clinical practice process involving peer role play

The students were divided into two groups of four. After their simulation center zoning practice, other practices were conducted based on different scenarios relating to the admission of patients with COVID-19. We prepared two scenarios with different patient parameters and lead lines for the hospital room, and each group participated in the practice according to the two scenarios.

For each scenario, four students were assigned the following roles: a patient, a doctor wearing full PPE, a medical staff member who assisted the doctor, and a checker who checked the doctor and medical staff (Fig. 2). In the role play, the patient and the doctor could touch each other, but they were considered contaminated and could not touch the clean area and the medical staff. Medical staff could touch the clean area (open the door, press a button, etc.) to maintain cleanliness, while they could not touch the patient and doctor. As a scenario, we created a fictional patient environment based on a real acceptance form and prepared a scenario for each role. During the practice, the students who played the role of the doctor and medical staff were supposed to practice admitting the patient to the ward appropriately without spreading the infection (Fig. 3).

Figure 2
Figure 2

Role parameters in simulated clinical practice during peer role play

Figure 3
picture 3

Guide flow of a COVID-19 patient to the patient room and tasks for each role in simulated clinical practice with peer role play using the photographs reproduced by the authors and staff from the Department of Respiratory Medicine. COVID-19: coronavirus disease 2019; PPE: personal protective equipment

During the debriefing after the practice, the controllers pointed out the problems and the students who played the roles shared their impressions.

Conference on COVID-19

A lecture on the latest literature available on COVID-19 was given to the students. It included the following topics: Comparison of Symptoms/Problems Associated with COVID-19 and Influenza, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, Clinical Outcomes and Treatment of COVID-19, SARS-CoV Vaccine -2 and ways to deal with information regarding COVID-19. Additionally, the lecture included Information Literacy as follows. We first presented the research data showing that fake news – which evokes fear, loathing and surprise – is more likely to spread even before the pandemic. [16]. Following this, we provided examples of information that was later proven to be false, ranging from rumor-level information to that presented by medical professionals and heads of state. We also pointed out that drugs that show promise in basic research are rarely really useful and approved by regulatory authorities. [17]. These examples highlighted the difficulty of properly processing medical information from all perspectives and revealed the process of medical validation using multiple drugs/vaccines [18]. The conference emphasized the importance of not easily relying on information unless medical students experience it firsthand.

The lecture was given during the third week of the CC by two authors of this article (GS, HK).

Data gathering

Quantitative data collection

Quantitative data was compiled using a questionnaire to assess the effect of the education program on student responses to COVID-19. Questionnaires were created on students’ fear of COVID-19 and their burden in various situations related to the care of COVID-19 patients. Before the mock practice and on the last day of the third week of the CC, the students answered the following questions from the mock clinical practice and lecture questionnaire (Table 1): (1a) Are you afraid of COVID-19? (1b) How careful are you in your daily life to prevent COVID-19? (2) To what extent do you consider the following behaviors a burden? Questions (1a) and (1b) were scored on a five-point Likert scale, with scores ranging from 1 [(1a) Not afraid at all; (2b) Not at all cautious] at 5 [(1a) Very afraid; (1b) Very cautious]. In question 2, the following actions are listed: a. Implementation of COVID-19 prevention measures (daily life), b. General practice while taking COVID-19 preventive measures, c. Proper use of PPE, including donning and doffing, d. Management of confirmed COVID-19 patients and adoption of preventive measures, e. Processing information about COVID-19. Additionally, question (2) was scored on a five-point Likert scale, with scores ranging from 1 (not at all loaded) to 5 (very loaded). In addition to the questions above, students reported their level of satisfaction with the simulated clinical practice and presentation on the second questionnaire. The items of the questionnaire were elaborated according to the feeling of responsibility of the students in the medical treatment assumed from the teaching process.

Table 1 Student Awareness and Burden Assessment Questionnaire Due to COVID-19

Qualitative data collection

We conducted focus group interviews (FGI) with students to assess the effects and benefits of our program on COVID-19. The FGI also aimed to identify what students learned through our program. On the last day of the third week, students participated in semi-structured FGIs regarding the benefits of the program, and this qualitative study phase allowed us to explain the results of the quantitative data.

The students were divided into nine groups (75 student cohorts in total). The selection criteria specified that all medical students should be included, as the target population should be homogeneous to investigate perceptions regarding our COVID-19 education.

The FGIs were conducted by two physician researchers (HK and GS) and the interview responses were recorded independently using an interview guide (Table 2). Students were asked the following questions: 1) “What are the benefits of simulated clinical practice with peer-to-peer role play on COVD-19? Why do you consider this to be advantages? 2) “What are the benefits of the COVID-19 conference? Why do you consider this to be advantages? » The interview guide was validated by the two researchers (HK and GS) before data collection.

Table 2 Interview guide for focus group interview

The interviews lasted no more than 30 minutes and information on the impact of work and the fatigue of the interviewees was obtained. Interview responses were transcribed verbatim.

Data analysis

statistical analyzes

Quantitative data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (SD) unless otherwise specified. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare the degree of burden before and after our education regarding COVID-19. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. All statistical analyzes were performed using JMP 16.0 (Cary, NC, USA).

Qualitative content analysis

Consistent with previous studies, qualitative content analysis was performed to analyze FGI transcripts [19]. Such analysis includes descriptions of manifested content and interpretations of latent content [20]. HK and CK independently read and coded all transcripts. Subsequently, they discussed, identified and agreed on the coding of the descriptors. Inter-rater reliability was measured with the Kappa coefficient (0.8–1.0 = almost perfect; 0.6–0.8 = substantial; 0.4–0.6 = moderate; 0.2–0, 4 = fair) [21].

BUA Cement donates N25m borehole and medical supplies to communities in Sokoto – The Sun Nigeria Thu, 09 Jun 2022 21:08:45 +0000

From Tunde Omolehin, Sokoto

The BUA Cement Company has donated medicines and a motorized solar borehole worth twenty-five million naira to host communities in Wamakko Local Government Area in Sokoto State.

Presenting the drugs to the representative of the beneficiary communities, the General Manager and CEO of BUA Cement Engr. Yusuf Haliru Binji said the gesture was to ensure that clinics and hospitals in host communities have adequate medicines.

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Binji, who was represented by the head of administration and corporate services, Sada Suleiman, pointed out that the gesture was an annual event, saying that the company had donated the same last year to seven host communities, but had decided to extend it to eight communities this year.

Suleman further revealed that the company has also carried out empowerment programs through scholarships, building mosques training vulnerable people to gain skills in host communities.

His words: “What you are witnessing today is that we are giving back what communication gave us.”

The beneficiary clinics are, Mobile Police, Gidan Boka, Gidan Bailu, Kalambaina, Bakin Kusu, Wajeke, Sabon Garin-Alu and Arkilla

In addition, the company donated a borehole with a capacity of 10,000 gallons of water to the Dagelawa community in the state’s Wamakko local government area.

The water project which consists of a motorized solar system, six water taps and an overhead tank aims to cushion the effects of water scarcity in the community.

Wamakko Local Government Deputy Chairman, Alhaji Zubairu Muhammad Dundaye, on behalf of the communities, thanked the company management for this kind gesture.

He said the water supply facility would go a long way in improving the lot of the beneficiary communities.

The Vice President urged other enterprises in the state to emulate the BUA, noting that the provision of infrastructure is not reserved for the government alone.

In his remarks, Wajeke District Chief Alhaji Muhammad Mailatu Gumbi appreciated the efforts of the cement company to live up to its corporate social responsibilities, adding that it will save residents from having to travel a long distance in search drinking water.

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